Editor’s Note: This post has first been published on edcetera – straight talk on edtech.
When people imagine the campus of the future two main aspects seem to come up. On the one hand the campus experience will be blended or hybrid, meaning that even with the majority of learning taking place online there will still be demand for activities in a classic brick-and-mortar setting. On the other hand the campus of the future will be more like a technology startup, focused on cutting expenses and running a lean operation.
Three recent articles in Education DIVE, The Times Higher Education, Slate and Inc. underline this trend.
Implementing MOOC data on campus
Roger Ridell reports from Anant Agarwal’s keynote at CES on Education DIVE. Agarwal made several predictions during his keynote, covering the role of the campus, the role of the educator and, of course, the role of MOOCs.
Like in the K-12 space edX sees a lot of value in flipping the classroom with the help of MOOCs and short video lectures. According to Agarwal a flipped classroom test run at San Jose State University brought down the failure rate from 41% to 9%. Students were encouraged to watch videos and take exercises at home and then work in small groups and discuss during class on campus.
Another important factor in reshaping the campus of the future is going to be the data that is gathered from online learning. Based on this not only the online course material will improve according to Agarwal but eventually the offline experience as well.
Last but not least he also does not believe that teachers could nor should be replaced by technology. From edX’s experience they play a crucial role in the success of students, may it be as instructor, guide or mentor. He does however think that the role and need of teaching assistants will diminish over time as peer learning and therefore “community TAs” will take over that role.
A shift in the role of lecturers is also the conclusion of the Horizon Scanning study from September 2013. In the report the Observatory on Borderless Education suggests that in the near future most of faculty staff will be employed on a part-time basis.
“Junior lecturers may be gradually replaced by mentors, scattered around the world and with only a loose connection with their employers.”
A driving force behind this change will be videoconferencing that enables mentors from across the globe to connect with the students. In this scenario it won’t even matter if the students all come from the same university.
The Amazon of Higher Education
Gabriel Kahn at Slate wrote an interesting article about Southern New Hampshire University and how it became “the Amazon of Higher Education”.
Only five years ago SNHU was a small 2000 student private school. Today it has enrolled more than 34.000 students in 180 different programs.
The university also relies heavily on data, using it to predict sign up rates and catching struggling students early on. SNHU also spends millions on its customer care, aka admission counselors who guide prospective new students to the right degree program in the growing offering.
Similar to the approach of for profit players like Kaplan and UoPhoenix SNHU does everything to drive down cost and get more efficient or, as it is called in the tech startup lango, getting lean. According to Slate all online courses are created centrally and then taught by adjuncts that get hired by SNHU for as little as $2.200 per course.
On the other end of the scale we have the Minerva Project. Almost forgotten, the project of creating an elite university at half of the tuition cost is still moving along according to an article by Leigh Buchanan at Inc. Magazine.
The idea is to offer a truly ivy-league level education at less than $20.000 but without any compromises in terms of faculty or students. According to Inc. Ben Nelson, CEO of Minerva says that
“It will be harder to get into Minerva than any other university. You’ll have the same criteria for your grades, essay, and application. But you’ll get no brownie points for how good an athlete you are, for how much money your parents can donate, or for what state you were born in.”
And though the learning experience will be predominantly online, Nelson plans to create dormitory clusters in major cities around the world, encouraging students to spend each semester in a different location.
To sum this up, the campus of the future will still play an essential role in academic life though it will transform into a more hands on and an even more social place than today.